Biometrics and facial scanners to replace registers in Maharashtra police stations


Within a year, every police station in Maharashtra will be able to record biometric data of criminals. The state government is expected to select a company this month to provide fingerprint, iris and face scanners. The state government had issued a tender in December 2016 inviting bids to run the Union Home Ministry’s Automatic Multimodal Biometric Identification System (AMBIS). The project is managed by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) at the Center and State Crime Records Bureaus (SCRB) in individual states. While the NCRB has digital records of criminals, AMBIS is currently being enforced by state governments. AMBIS will replace the current state police practice of manually reviewing and matching fingerprints to identify registered criminals. Iris scans have proven to be much more accurate than other forms of biometrics.

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In Maharashtra, only the French multinational Morpho and the Japanese conglomerate NEC went through strict technical requirements. “A final technical analysis of the offers of the two firms will be made this month. Once a vendor is selected, we expect AMBIS in Maharashtra to be operational within a year,” a senior Home Ministry official said. It will be managed by the Maharashtra Criminal Investigation Department (CID).

Under AMBIS, the scanners will be provided to police stations in each of the 10 police stations and 35 districts in the state. The official said the scanners would be linked to the Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and System (CCTNS), a digital system aimed at improving the efficiency of police departments.

A computer station in each police station will be dedicated to the use of scanners. As the police will start recording biometrics of offenders in serious criminal cases, they will also be recording data from history sheets and other registered criminals.

Additionally, the official said, about 5 lakh of fingerprints in state records that were recently scanned will be stored in the system.

Biometric data will be stored at each police station and on a central server in Mumbai, the official said.

Once the system is operational, the police will not only be able to search for criminals with criminal histories in other villages and districts, but Maharashtra will also be able to access the NCRB’s central database of biometric records, making it easier to find criminals with known backgrounds. .

In 2015, when mobster Chhota Rajan was arrested in Bali, Indonesia, his 30-year-old records were found at Tilak Nagar police station after being damaged by waterlogging and deteriorating with age.

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