The effectiveness of biometric identity verification systems at European borders would improve in the long term if birth certificates were standardized, an expert representing the European Biometric Association (EAB) said at a meeting of the European Bureau asylum support (EASO). Face morphing has also been identified as a major challenge for biometric border checks.
Christoph Busch gave a presentation on “Biometrics and Database Interconnectivity in the Context of Migration and Asylum” at the EASO Directors General Conference on Immigration Services and Consultations intergovernmental.
The presentation began with an overview of the benefits of biometric authentication, EAB and its position in favor of facilitating free travel within the Schengen area. Busch then focused on the external borders and the challenges they face in attempting to implement biometric identity confirmation.
The first of these is the need for biometric reference data, whether in the form of data contained on an identity document such as a passport, or in a central database. Reference data must comply with ISO / IEC 39794-1, -4 and -5 to comply with ICAO 9303, the standard for machine-readable travel documents, for which scanners must be implemented. place by early 2025.
In the longer term, personal identity documents may include scanned identification information.
Busch reviewed the updated standards for biometric fingerprint quality in NFIQ 2.0, which are used in EU EES standards requirements, and developments in contactless fingerprinting, which have seen an increase of demand due to COVID-19.
He then explained biometric presentation attack (PAD) detection and the security of biometric capture devices, as well as the emerging challenge of face morphing.
“Unintentional attacks,” such as applying filters or edits to “beautify” images, can also reduce the accuracy of facial verification, and Busch shared his research with colleagues on the subject. extent of their impact.
The standardization of birth certificates defined by ISO / IEC, and the registration of this identifying information with a global institution such as the United Nations, is identified as a long-term need to ensure the effectiveness of the controls. biometric at borders.
biometric identification | biometrics | birth certificates | digital identification | VAE | European Biometrics Association | identity document | identity verification | standards