ecg: “ecg safer than biometrics for human identification, without tampering” | Lucknow News

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LUCKNOW: The electrocardiogram (ECG), used to check heart rhythm and electrical activity, can be used more effectively for human identification and is more secure than biometrics because it has the advantage of not being tampered with. Through the use of advanced machine learning techniques and detailed comparison of human heartbeats around the world, ECG likeness can never be faked and therefore has high potential for identification, research by professors and researchers from the Department of Computer Science and Engineering at IET, Lucknow. The research published in ‘Pattern Recognition’ – an academic journal published by Elsevier Science – was conducted by Professor YN Singh and his researchers Ranjeet Srivastava and Ashutosh Singh.
“Security is a major concern in modern society as incidents of identity theft in the digital world are on the rise. Traditional security systems that use electronic identification using tokens or passwords are not very reliable because they can only identify the information provided, not the user,” Prof Singh said.
There have been many instances where biometrics have failed, for example, fake fingerprints created with a 3D printer bypass biometric scanners to unlock smartphones, laptops and other devices under certain circumstances, so the use ECG is the safest because it has been proven by our research that no two heartbeats can be the same, he added.
“We performed the ECG analysis using signal processing and machine learning techniques and statistically proved that there is no chance of ECG resemblance across the entire world population of 7.9 billion. “, did he declare. Singh said an electrocardiogram (ECG) is a physiological signal that records the heart’s electrical activity over time.
It is a noninvasive method for monitoring heart function and diagnosing cardiac arrhythmia (a condition in which the heart beats with an irregular or abnormal rhythm). “Our research revealed that ECG can be used as a biometric modality for human recognition. ECG has an inherent characteristic of vitality which signifies the signs of life and its signal as a biometric is sufficiently non-vulnerable to spoofing attacks, so it provides robustness against fraud,” Prof Singh said.
In India, the traditional ECG machines with about seven leads which are placed on the chest are used, but the new ones have only two leads which are placed on one finger of both hands. IET also offered to manufacture a wireless ECG device for biometric use, he added.
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